1. Which of the following level of classification are the members most similar

A. order

B. Genus

C. Species

D. Phylum


Use the diagram below to answer question 2 and 3


2. The diagram represent a

A. cell

B. filament

C. colony

D. part of a living organism


3. Pyrenoid is present in the structure labelled




D. I


4. Spirogyra is regarded as a multi-cellular plant because

A. the cylindrical cells are linked end to end

B. its cell are linked together by cytoplasmic strands

C. its cells are large

D. It is an algae containing a large vacuole


5. Which of the following pairs of structures in living organisms do not perform similar functions

A. Lungs and spiracles

B. Root hairs and mammalian hairs

C. Feathers and scales

D. Contractile vacuole and kidney


6. Which of the following sequences is the correct arrangement of tissues in the anatomy of a young dicotyledonous stem from the inside to the outside?

A.  Pith, phloem, cambium, xylem, parenchyma, collenchyma and epidermis

B. Xylem, phloem, cambium, cortex, endodermis, collenchyma

C. pith, xylem, cambium, phloem, collenchyma, parenchyma, and epidermis

D. Phloem, xylem, cambium, cortex, endodermis, collenchyma, and epidermis


 7. An animal which possesses scales, nares an a backbone is likely to be a

A. toad

B. lizard

C. rat

D. bat


8. The opening of the guard cells of the epidermis in plants is by the process of

A. osmosis

B. diffusion

C. active transport

D. transpiration


9. What happens to a plant if the shoot tip is cut off and replaced by an agar block containing auxin? It will

A. stop growing

B. grow rapidly

C. continue to grow normally

D. die completely


10. Anaerobic respiration result in the production of

A. more energy than aerobic respiration

B. no energy

C. an equal amount of energy to aerobic respiration

D. less energy than aerobic respiration


11. Which of the following is not a skeletal tissue?

 A. Plasma

B. Chilin

C.  Cartilage

D. Bone


12. Which of the following statement is not correct about the mammalian heart?

A. Oxygenated blood enters the left auricle from the pulmonary

B The wall of the ventricle are thicker than those of the auricle through the aorta

C. Blood passes from the right ventricle to the left auricle through the aorta

D. The tricuspid valve prevents the back flow of blood into the right auricle


13. Which of the following organs are used for gaseous exchange in the mature toad

A. Gills, lungs and eardrum

B. Lungs, mouth and eardrum

C. Mouth, skin and gills

D.  Skin, lung and mouth


14. Which of the following structures is used for respiration in insects

A. Lungs

B. Thorax

C. Cuticle

D.  Spiracles


15. Which of the following statement about the diaphragm of a mammal is not correct? It

A. separates the thorax and the abdomen

B. is a thick layer of muscles

C. is made of epithelial cells

D. is part of the human respiratory apparatus.


16. A substance present in the glomerular filtrate in the mammalian kidney is

A. glucose

B. fibrinogen

C. albumen

D. blood platelets


17. In humans, excretion of hypertonic urine is associated with the

A. distal convoluted tubule

B. loop of Henle

C. Bowman’s capsule

D. proximal convoluted tubule


  1.  The maintenance of a stable internal environment within the body of a mammal is known as

A. Osmosis

B. Plasmolysis

C. homeostasis

D. excretion


19. Which pat of the nephron is associated with ultra-filtration?

A. Distal convoluted tubule

B. Proximal convoluted tubule

C. Collecting duct

D. Bowman’s capsule


20. Which of the following condition would result in a decrease in the production of antidiuretic hormone?

A. Abnormally high blood sugar level

B. Drinking large quantities of water

C. Increase in osmotic pressure of blood

D. Period of strenuous exercise


21. Which of the following structures is not essential in a wind pollinated flower?

A. Anther

B. Ovary

C. Stigma

D. Petal


Study the diagram below and use it to answer question 22 to 24.



22.Which part of the flower produces the structure labelled III

A. Carpel

B. Pollen

C. Stigma

D.  Anther


23. Which part labelled III and IV respectively are called

A. pollen tube and style

B  pollen grains and pollen grains

C. anther and filament

D. stigma and style


24. Which of the labelled parts would becomes a component of the seed after fertilization?

A. I



D. V


25. The resolution of a microscope, refers to its power to

A. Increase an object’s apparent size

B. distinguish clearly between two objects

C. scans the surface of an objects

D. focus on an object


26. The process by which plants manufacture food from carbon dioxide and water using energy from the sun is called

A. Chemosynthesis

B. Photosynthesis

C. anabolism

D.  catabolism


27. Conduction of water and mineral salts through the xylem vessels is enhanced because the xylem cells are

A. thickened with lignin

B. long, narrow tubes placed end to end

C. close to the endodermis

D. Centrally placed in the roots


28. Which of the following factors is likely to increase the rate of transpiration in plants?

A. A reduction in the number of stomata per unit surface area

B.  Increase in humidity around the leaves of plants

C. An increase in leaf surface area to volume ratio

D. Removal of leaves from plant


29. The name of the enzyme that catalyses the conversion of glucose to glucose-6-phosphate at the beginning of glycolysis

A. phosphor-fructokinase

B. glucose Isomerase

C. hexokinase

D. glucose-6-kinase


30. The correct arrangement of food classes of the same quantity in the order of magnitude of energy value in animals in descending order is

A. Carbohydrates, fats and oil, water, protein

B. Fats and oils, carbohydrates, protein

C. Water, fat and oils, carbohydrates, proteins

D Protein, fats and oils, water and carbohydrates


31. Which of the following substance is not a complex carbohydrate?

A. Glycogen

B. cellulose

C. Starch

D. Glucose


32. Which of the following associations is an example of epiphytism?

A. Lice in the human air

B. Mistletoe on citrus fruit

C. Egret on cow

D. fern on palm tree


Study the diagram below carefully and use to answer questions 33 and 34


33. What is the likely food of the bird in I

A. Worms

B. Seed

C. Nectar

D. Fishes


34. The food of the bird in II is

A. Worms

B. Seed

C. nectar  

D. fishes


35. Ecology simply means the study of

A. particular species of plants and animals

B. the interrelationship between organism and their environment

C. the properties of a habitat

D. the interrelationship between plants ad animals


36. The maximum size of a population that a given area can support is known as

A. Population density

B. carrying capacity

C. population growth

D. maximum population


37. The producer in a food chain in an aquatic environment ae

A. birds

B. phytoplankton

C. zooplankton

D. fishes


38. The frog is considered a better swimmer than the toad because it

A. has more pronounced webbed digits

B. has much longer and stronger hind limbs

C. lives in water most of the time

D. is more streamlined than the toad


39. The bacteria that reduce nitrates in the soil into gaseous nitrogen are referred to as

 A. nitrifying bacteria

B. denitrifying bacteria

C. putrefying bacteria

D.saprophytic bacteria


40. A pyramid of number is constructed by

A. comparing living and non-living things

B. measuring productivity

C. conducting census

D. labelling the living organisms


41. The main  reason for immunizing children is to

A. destroy pathogens in their bodies

B. increase the production of white blood cells

C. stimulate the production of antibodies

D. stimulate the production of antigens


42.Rhizobium which lives in the root nodule of leguminous plants  is an example of the association known as

A. commensalism


C. mutualism

D. Saprophytism


43.  Ascaris lumbricoides is a parastic

A. flat worm

B. round worm

C. arthropod

D. elastic


44. The following organisms are pests of plants except

A. bird

B.  nematodes

C. bacteria

D. rodents


45. The absence of alimentary canal in the parasitic flatworm can be attributed to the fact that

A. its body does not feed

B it has no enzymes

C. its body absorbs digested food

D. it has suckers on the scolex


46. Which of the following statements is not reason for conserving wildlife

A.  Attraction of tourist into the country

B. Serving as a source of food

C. Serving as a source of income

D. Increasing the amount of rainfall


47.Which of the following human activities would help prevent endangered species from extinction

A. Uncontrolled killing of the species

B. Regular clearing of the forest vegetation

C.  Temporary maintenance of the species in zoological gardens

D. Regular irrigation of the of their natural habitat


48. In genetics, linkages refers to the linking of genes of the

A. Same chromosomes

B. different chromosomes

C.  same nucleus

D.different nuclei


49. A man’s blood group AB. What is the probability of the man giving birth to a child with blod group O?

A. 0%

B. 25%

C. 50%

D. 100%


50. When a man who is Rh – positive marries a woman who is Rh – negative, there will be incidence of

A. Still birth

B. Sicklers

C. albinos

D. living children


51. The genotypic ratio of the offspring of a hybrid is 1:2:1, which of the following laws illustrates this ratio?

A. Use and disuse

B. Dominance

C. Segregation

D. Linkage


52. A gene that is only located on the X-chromosomes is said to be

A. expressed in females only

B. defective

C. sex-linked

D. expressed in males only


53. If a boy has blood type O and his mother has blood type A, what is the genotype of his father






54.A man who suffers from heamophilla marries a woman who is a carrier, what percentage of their children are likely to haemophilic?

A. 25%

B. 50%

C. 75%

D. 100%


55. Which of the following traits may be considered in marriage counselling

A. Height

B. Fingerprint

C. Rhesus factor

D. Colour of skin


56.Which of the following structures is only formed during cell division in animal cells

A. Cell membrane

B. Ctyoplasm

C. Centrosome

D. Ribosome


57. The function of the drone in a colony of bees is to

A. clean the cells

B. mate with the queen

C. protect the colony

D. lay eggs


58.Which of the following features is used by chameleons to escape predation

A. fearsome appearance

B. coiling tail

C. offensive smell

D. adaptive colouration

59. A scientist who was involved in the development of evolution theory is

A.  Lamarck

B. Mendel

C. Morgan

D. Pasteur


60. Darwin noticed that organism in similar habitats across the world looked alike. This illustrates?

A. Convergent evolution

B. adaptive radiation

C. co-evolution

D. descent with modification