1. Government is defined as an agency established to manage the affairs of _________

A. rulers

B. foreigners

C. the state

D. all workers


2. The function of government is

A. controlling electoral commission

B. organizing pressure groups

C. making of laws

D. forming political parties


3. Government maintains law and order through the following except ________?

A. police

B. immigration

C. the legislature

D. prison service


4. According to Karl Max, socialism developed as a consequence of the evils of ________

A. monarhcy

B. communalism

C. feudalism

D. capitalism


5. A system of government which is based on public ownership of means of production and distribution is called

A. socialism

B. capitalism

C. feudalism

D. oligarchy


6. Which of the following is not a feature of a state?

A. sovereignty

B. Government

C. Mass Media

D. Territory


7. Acceptability of the government in power by the governed is known as

A. legitimacy

B. sovereignty

C. democracy

D. authority


8. For democracy to be sustained in a country it needs a

A. rich political leader

B. well - informed electorate

C. partial electoral commission

D. large police force


9. Which of the following agents can be considered as the most effective agent of political socialization? The _______

A. family

B. peer group

C. school

D. mass media


10. The guiding principle of communism is from each according to his/her

A. ability and to each according to his/her need'

B. qualification and to each according to his/her need'

C. race and to each according to his/her ability'

D. age and to each according to his/ her status


11. Which of the following countries practiced totalitarianism?

A. Germany, Russia and Japan

B. Italy, Russia and Germany

C. Italy, Germany and Japan

D. Russia, Italy and England


12. The theory of separation of powers was propounded by ________

A. A. V Decay

B. Max Weber

C. Charles Montesquieu

D. Gabriel Almond


13. The principle of checks and balances is important because it

A. prevents each organ of government from being dictatorial

B. frees other organs from judicial control

C. makes the organs confront themselves

D. makes the government to perform it civic responsibilities


14. An agreed set of regulations, conventions and customs by which a country or an organisation is governed is the ________

A. constitution

B. sovereignty

C. suffrage

D. culture


15. A constitution is considered to be flexible if it _______?

A. can be amended by a simple majority

B. can be altered through special procedure

C. requires two third majority

D. is difficult to amend


16. The body responsible for the implementation of law is the _____

A. judiciary

B. legislature

C. executive

D. court


17. Bicameralism is necessary in a federal state to demonstrate that __________

A. the executive is adequately represented

B. localized interests receive adequate representation

C. representation in the upper house is base on population

D. representation of the rich in society is taken care of


18. Which of the following strengthen the power of the Supreme Court against the executive and the legislature?

A. Judicial precedent

B. Judicial review

C. Court injunction

D. Oath swearing


19. In the United States of America, legislature is called the

A. Congress

B. National Assembly

C. National Security

D. Parliament


20. In a constitutional monarchy, the king or queen is referred to as

A. ceremonial head

B. political head

C. constitutional head

D. democratic leader


21. A corrupt judicial system erodes the observance of _______

A. national peace and stability

B. the rule of law

C. international laws and conventions

D. democratic values of the executive


22. Which system of government has fusion of ceremonial and executive functions as a feature ________

A. Presidential

B. Cabinet

C. Confederal

D. Republican


23. One duty of a good citizen is __________

A. building schools and hospitals

B. respect of the dignity and rights of others

C. loyalty to other nations

D. defending a suspect


24. The rights of citizens to benefit from public utility is classified as

A. social rights

B. natural rights

C. religious rights

D. political rights


25. Which of the following is a fundamental right? Right to

A. life

B. education

C. criticize government

D. public office


26. The political party whose membership comprises people of high social status is called

A. religious party

B. broker party

C. elite party

D. mass party


27. A political party is significant because it _____?

A. stimulates political rancour

B. encourages electoral malpractices

C. seeks political power

D. settles disputes


28. A political system in which there is only one legalized political party is called a A. de jure one-party system

B. de facto one-party system

C. totalitarian single party system

D. mass party system


29. Provision of political education through rallies and newspapers is a function of

A. political parties

B. pressure groups

C. educated elite

D. the clergy


30. Which of the following is not a method used by pressure groups to achieve their objectives?

A. Employing lobbyists

B. Embarking on demonstrations

C. Embarking on strikes and boycotts

D. Contesting for political positions


31. A "Yes" or No" vote on a specific political issue in a country is called

A. referendum

B. public opinion

C. gerrymandering

D. suffrage


32. An effective way of strengthening societal institutions is through the expression of

A. person opinion

B. group opinion

C. elite opinion

D. public opinion


33. The electoral system in which the winner should have more than all the votes of all the other contestants put together is called

A. simple majority system

B. referendum

C. Second ballot system

D. absolute majority system


34. Which of the following is a civil/public servant?

A. House majority leader

B. Clerk of the House

C. Party whip

D. Minister of education


35. Which of the following statements about public corporation is not true?

A. It is managed by a board of directors

B. It is established by an act of parliament

C. A huge capital is needed for its establishment

D. It is financed mainly by private individuals


36. Local government are vital in modern politics as they ________

A. encourage dictatorship

B. train the local people in the art of governance

C. make laws for the whole country

D. execute government policies at all levels


37. In the pre-colonial era, the breaking of an oath by a chief could _________

A. lead to a war with his neighbours

B. lead to ritual cleansing

C. make his state come under a curse

D. lead to his despoilment


38. One feature of pre-independence constitutions in West Africa is the

A. judicial and executive councils

B. executive and legislative councils

C. judicial and legislative councils

D. consultative and judicial councils


39. The excessive power of the traditional rulers in the pre-colonial era could checked by

A. the hunters

B. the priests

C. children of the chiefs

D. the farmers


40. The Secretary of State for the colonies was responsible for

A. democratization of local governments

B. initiating colonial policies

C. fighting for the interest of the people

D. working with traditional rulers


41. The crown colonies in the British West Africa were administered through

A. assimilation

B. decentralization

C. association

D. direct rule


42. Colonial administration in West Africa was-a result of

A. a need for a new environment

B. the desire to underdevelop West Africa

C. a need for raw materials and markets

D. the urge to introduce western education


43. Policy of assimilation was successfully operated by the French in

A. Lome

B. Goree

C. Bamako

D. Abidjan


44. The post-Second World War nationalism in West Africa was characterized by

A. disorganization

B. lukewarm demands

C. disorientation

D. increased agitation


45. One of the defects associated with most pre-independence constitutions in British West Africa was ________

A. veto power of the Governor

B. all inclusive franchise

C. African domination of the executive council

D. African domination of the legislative council


46. In a military regime, the arms of government that are usually fused are

A. executive and judiciary

B. legislature and local council

C. legislature and executive

D. judiciary and the press


47. Military intervention into the politics of a state involves ______

A. an overthrow of a legitimate government by pressure groups

B. the seizure of power from a legitimate government by the armed forces

C. violent overthrow of a democratic government by the police

D. the legitimate seizure of power by the police and civilians



48. A major merit of a country’s foreign policy is that it

A. encourage infringement on the territories of other states

B. promotes country’s national interest

C. stimulates political activities in the state

D. promotes understanding between the leaders and the led



49. One primary objective of the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) is to

A. settle disputes among African nations

B. eradicate poverty

C. betray corrupt African leaders

D. protect African citizens


50. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formally established in Lagos on

A. December 20, 1945

B. June 20. 1963

C. March 15, 1971

D. May 28, 1975